Trench mouth, also known as acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG), is a severe gum infection that can cause bleeding gums, pain, and bad breath. It is caused by a combination of bacteria, viruses, and fungi that infect the gums and surrounding tissue.
Poor oral hygiene is the leading cause of Trench Mouth, as it allows bacteria and fungi to build up in the mouth, leading to the infection. Poor nutrition, smoking, stress, and a weakened immune system can also contribute to Trench Mouth. Additionally, certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, HIV, and cancer, can also increase the risk of Trench Mouth
Symptoms of Trench Mouth
- Red and swollen gums
- Soreness and bleeding when brushing or flossing
- Bad breath (halitosis)
- Painful ulcers on the tongue and inside of the cheeks
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
- Loss of appetite
Treatment of Trench Mouth
Treatment of Trench Mouth is primarily aimed at controlling bacterial infection and reducing inflammation in the mouth. The most common approach is to prescribe antibiotics, such as penicillin, metronidazole, or clindamycin, to help kill the bacteria causing the infection.
Additionally, a dentist may prescribe a mouth rinse to help reduce the swelling and irritation caused by the infection. Pain relievers and topical anesthetics may also be used to minimize discomfort. It is important to practice good oral hygiene, such as brushing and flossing regularly and avoiding foods that can irritate the gums.
In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the affected tissue. It is essential to follow the instructions of your doctor carefully to ensure that the treatment is effective.
It is essential to get trench mouth treated as soon as possible. You can schedule an appointment with us at Southern Delaware Dental Specialists today and reach out to us for all your teeth-related concerns.