gingivitis

All You Need to Know About Gingivitis: What is it, Causes and Treatments

Are you experiencing red, swollen gums that bleed when you brush or floss? If so, you might have gingivitis. But don’t worry; we’ve got you covered! It is a common gum disease that affects many people.

Gingivitis is characterized by inflammation of the gums, which can lead to symptoms such as redness, swelling, and bleeding. If left untreated, it can progress to more severe forms of periodontal disease, which can lead to tooth loss and other oral health problems. The good news is that gingivitis can be prevented and reversed with proper oral hygiene, such as brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing daily, using an antiseptic mouthwash, and visiting the dentist regularly.

Causes of Gingivitis

Gingivitis is mainly caused by poor oral hygiene, which leads to the accumulation of plaque on teeth and gums. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that can irritate the gums, causing inflammation and redness. Other factors that can contribute to gingivitis include hormonal changes, certain medications, smoking, and genetic predisposition.

Symptoms of gingivitis

  • Bleeding or tender gums
  • Bad breath
  • Receding gums
  • Swollen or inflamed gums
  • Discoloration of the gums
  • Pain when chewing
  • Increased sensitivity to hot and cold
  • Sores or lesions in the mouth

Treatment of Gingivitis

The treatment of gingivitis usually involves a professional dental cleaning to remove the buildup of plaque and tartar. The dentist may also recommend an antiseptic mouthwash, antibiotics, or other medications to help control the infection. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove deep pockets of bacteria and reduce gum inflammation. To prevent gingivitis from recurring, it’s important to maintain good oral hygiene habits such as brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and visiting a periodontist near you regularly for check-ups and cleanings.

If you have any more questions or wish to schedule a teeth cleaning appointment in Delaware, don’t hesitate to get in touch with us. Our team of excellent dental professionals at Southern Delaware Dental Specialists is here to assist you in your journey to a sparkling smile. 

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